AskDefine | Define bays

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /bɛɪz/

Etymology 1

Inflections.

Noun

bays
  1. Plural of bay

Verb

bays
  1. third-person singular of bay

Etymology 2

From baies, feminine plural form of bai.

Noun

  1. Baize.

Extensive Definition

A headland is an area of land adjacent to water on three sides. A bay is the reverse, rather an area of water bordered by land on three sides. A large headland may also be called a peninsula. Long, narrow and high headlands may be called promontories. When headlands dramatically affect the ocean currents they are often called capes. A large bay may also be called a gulf, sound or bight. A narrow bay may also be called a fjord if its sides are relatively steep. Any bay may include other bays (for example, James Bay is a bay within Hudson Bay).

Formation

A headland is a piece of land that juts into the sea from the main land coast line. Headlands are shaped by erosion. They are formed when the sea attacks a section of coast consisting of alternating bands of hard and soft rock. The bands of soft rock such as sand and clay, erode more quickly than those of more resistant hard rock such as chalk. This would form a headland.
A bay is an area of water bordered by land on three sides. Bays are found between headlands where there are alternating outcrops of resistant rock and less resistant rock. Waves erode the areas of softer rock more rapidly than the hard rock to form bays.

Geology and geography

Headlands and bays are often found together on the same stretch of coastline. Headlands and bays form on discordant coastlines, where bands of rock of alternating resistance run perpendicular to the coast. Bays form where weak (less resistant) rocks (such as sands and clays) are eroded, leaving bands of stronger (more resistant) rocks (such as chalk, limestone, granite) forming a headland, or peninsula. Refraction of waves occurs on headlands concentrating wave energy on them, so many other landforms, such as caves, natural archs and stacks, form on headlands. Wave refraction disperses wave energy through the bay, and along with the sheltering effect of the headlands this protects bays from storms. This effect means that the waves reaching the shore in a bay are usually constructive waves, and because of this, many bays feature a beach. A bay may be only metres across, or it could be hundreds of kilometres across.
Sometimes bays form where movements of the earth's crust (tectonics) bring areas of land together, or move them apart. Usually these bays are referred to as seas or gulfs and not bays.

Beach Stability

Beaches are dynamic geologic features that can fluctuate between advancement and retreat of sediment. The natural agents of fluctuation include waves, tides, currents, and winds. Man-made elements such as the interruption of sediment supply, such as a dam, and withdrawal of ground fluid can also affect beach stabilization . A headland bay beach can be classified as being in three different states of sedimentation. Static equilibrium refers to a beach that is stable and does not experience littoral drift or sediment deposition or erosion. Waves generally diffract around the headland(s) and near the beach when the beach is in a state of static equilibrium. Dynamic equilibrium occurs when the beach sediments are deposited and eroded at approximately equal rates. Beaches that have dynamic equilibrium are usually near a river that supplies sediment and would otherwise erode away without the river supply. Unstable beaches are usually a result of human interaction, such as a breakwater or dammed river. Unstable beaches are reshaped by continual erosion or deposition and will continue to erode or deposit until a state of equilibrium is reached in the bay.

List of some well-known bays

A couple of non-gulfs (actually straits) are:
bays in Afrikaans: Landhoofde en baaie
bays in Arabic: خليج
bays in Bosnian: Zaliv
bays in Bulgarian: Залив
bays in Catalan: Badia
bays in Czech: Záliv
bays in Welsh: Bae
bays in Danish: Bugt
bays in German: Bucht
bays in Estonian: Laht
bays in Modern Greek (1453-): Ακρωτήριο
bays in Spanish: Cabo (geografía)
bays in French: Baie (géographie)
bays in Galician: Baía
bays in Korean: 만
bays in Croatian: Zaljev
bays in Ido: Bayo
bays in Indonesian: Tanjung
bays in Icelandic: Flói
bays in Italian: Baia
bays in Hebrew: מפרץ
bays in Latvian: Līcis
bays in Lithuanian: Įlanka
bays in Limburgan: Bóch (zieë)
bays in Dutch: Baai
bays in Japanese: 湾
bays in Norwegian: Bukt
bays in Polish: Zatoka (geografia)
bays in Portuguese: Baía
bays in Russian: Бухта
bays in Finnish: Lahti (vesialue)
bays in Swedish: Bukt
bays in Vietnamese: Vịnh
bays in Turkish: Körfez
bays in Yiddish: בוכטע
bays in Chinese: 海岬
bays in Chinese: 海灣
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